NORWICH

NORWICH, county town of Norfolk, E. England. The medieval Jewish community is first mentioned in 1144, when the discovery of the body of a boy, William of Norwich, in a wood near the town gave rise to the first recorded blood libel in Europe. Although this apparently had no immediate effect on the community, there were attacks by citizens on the Jews in the 1230s, the one in 1234 following an accusation that the Jews had kidnapped and circumcised a Christian child. The descendants of jurnet of norwich , who were financiers, patrons of learning, and scholars, dominated the community from 1160 to 1260: the lower part of their stone house still stands in King Street (as part of the "Music House"). The 13th-century community (numbering about 100 to 150) seems, from the considerable documentary evidence surviving, mainly to have consisted of financiers who lent to local traders and the rural gentry and villagers. The community suffered from the "coin-clipping" charges of 1279 and the execution for blasphemy of the local magnate, Abraham fil' Deulecresse; by the time of the general expulsion from England in 1290, it numbered only 50 souls. The poems of meir b. elijah of norwich (c. 1244) have survived, mainly in a Vatican manuscript. Individual Jews settled in Norwich in the first half of the 18th century and there was an organized community by 1754 when a quarrel in the synagogue attracted much attention in the press. Continuous communal activity dates from the purchase of a burial ground in 1813 and the opening of a new synagogue in 1828. Local 19th-century families included those of Samuel (father of the first Lord mancroft ), Haldinstein, and Soman (founder of the Norwich Argus newspaper). The community was especially known for shoe manufacture, antique dealing, and the press and printing. The synagogue, which was destroyed by bombing in World War II, was rebuilt in 1948; the community's numbers remained between 100 and 200 (1% of the total population) through most of the 20th century. The 2001 British census found a total of 239 declared Jews in Norwich. The town had an Orthodox and a Reform synagogue. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: V.D. Lipman, Jews of Medieval Norwich (1967); C. Roth, Rise of Provincial Jewry (1950), 85–87; Roth, England, index; Roth, Mag Bibl, 92, 93, 170; H. Levine, Norwich Hebrew Congregation 18401960; Jackson's Oxford Journal (June 8, 1756). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Brown, "The Jews of Norfolk and Suffolk Before 1840," in: JHSET, 32 (1990–92), 219–36. (Vivian David Lipman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norwich — Kathedrale …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norwich — Norwich, CT U.S. city in Connecticut Population (2000): 36117 Housing Units (2000): 16600 Land area (2000): 28.334500 sq. miles (73.386014 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.141184 sq. miles (2.955653 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.475684 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Norwich — (spr. Norritsch), 1) Hauptstadt der englischen Grafschaft Norfolk am Einfluß der Winsder in die schiffbare Yare; Bischof, Kathedrale, 36 Kirchen, mehre Bethäuser, Hospital, mehre Theater, Vauxhall, öffentliche Bibliothek, Museum, altes Castell,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Norwich, CT — U.S. city in Connecticut Population (2000): 36117 Housing Units (2000): 16600 Land area (2000): 28.334500 sq. miles (73.386014 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.141184 sq. miles (2.955653 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.475684 sq. miles (76.341667 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Norwich, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 551 Housing Units (2000): 216 Land area (2000): 0.464123 sq. miles (1.202074 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.464123 sq. miles (1.202074 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Norwich, NY — U.S. city in New York Population (2000): 7355 Housing Units (2000): 3500 Land area (2000): 2.037949 sq. miles (5.278263 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.037949 sq. miles (5.278263 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Norwich, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 113 Housing Units (2000): 46 Land area (2000): 0.096171 sq. miles (0.249081 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.096171 sq. miles (0.249081 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Norwich —   [ nɔrɪdʒ], Hauptstadt der County Norfolk, Ostengland, 171 300 Einwohner; anglikanischer Bischofssitz; bedeutendes regionales Kulturzentrum mit University of East Anglia (gegründet 1964), Zentralbibliothek und Museen; Marktzentrum eines… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Norwich — (spr. nórridsch), 1) Stadt (city) und Grafschaft im östlichen England, am Zusammenfluß der schiffbaren Flüsse Wensum und Yare, 32 km oberhalb Yarmouth. Die verschiedenen Stadtteile sind durch zehn Brücken verbunden, von denen die bereits 1295… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Norwich — (spr. nórritsch). 1) Hauptstadt der engl. Grafsch. Norfolk, nahe der Mündung der Wensum in die Yare, (1904) 115.538 E., Kathedrale (1096 1510 erbaut). – 2) N. (spr. nórritsch oder nóhrwitsch), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Connecticut, an dem… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.